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Church Lane, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, DN5 7EZ

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Barnburgh Primary School

Learning to shine together

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Science Portfolio

Please see our evidence for each Science National Curriculum Programme of Study below.

Working Scientifically:

KS1 - Ask simple questions and recognise that they can be answered in different ways

KS1 - Observe closely, using simple equipment

KS1 - Perform simple tests

KS1 - Identify and classify

KS1 - Use their observations and ideas to suggest answers to questions

KS1 - Gather and record data to help in answering questions

LKS2 - Ask relevant questions and using different types of scientific enquiries to answer them

LKS2 - Set up simple practical enquiries, comparative and fair tests

LKS2 - Make systematic and careful observations and, where appropriate, take accurate measurements using standard units, using a range of equipment, including thermometers and data loggers

LKS2 - Gather, record, classify and present data in a variety of ways to help in answering questions

LKS2 - Record findings using simple scientific language, drawings, labelled diagrams, keys, bar charts, and tables

LKS2 - Report on findings from enquiries, including oral and written explanations, displays or presentations of results and conclusions

LKS2 - Use results to draw simple conclusions, make predictions for new values, suggest improvements and raise further questions

LKS2 - Identify differences, similarities or changes related to simple scientific ideas and processes

LKS2 - Use straightforward scientific evidence to answer questions or to support their findings

UKS2 - Plan different types of scientific enquiries to answer questions, including recognising and controlling variables where necessary

UKS2 - Take measurements, using a range of scientific equipment, with increasing accuracy and precision, taking repeat readings when appropriate

UKS2 - Record data and results of increasing complexity using scientific diagrams and labels, classification keys, tables, scatter graphs, bar and line graphs

UKS2 - Use test results to make predictions to set up further comparative and fair tests

UKS2 - Report and present findings from enquiries, including conclusions, causal relationships and explanations of and degree of trust in results, in oral and written forms such as displays and other presentations

UKS2 - Identify scientific evidence that has been used to support or refute ideas or arguments

Plants:

Year 1 - Identify and name a variety of common wild and garden plants, including deciduous and evergreen trees

Year 1 - Identify and describe the basic structure of a variety of common flowering plants, including trees

Year 2 - Observe and describe how seeds and bulbs grow into mature plants

Year 2 - Find out and describe how plants need water, light and a suitable temperature to grow and stay healthy

Year 3 - Identify and describe the functions of different parts of flowering plants: roots, stem/trunk, leaves and flowers

Year 3 - Explore the requirements of plants for life and growth (air, light, water, nutrients from soil, and room to grow) and how they vary from plant to plant

Year 3 - Investigate the way in which water is transported within plants

Year 3 - Explore the part that flowers play in the life cycle of flowering plants, including pollination, seed formation and seed dispersal

Animals Including Humans:

Year 1 - Identify and name a variety of common animals including fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals

Year 1 - Identify and name a variety of common animals that are carnivores, herbivores and omnivores

Year 1 - Describe and compare the structure of a variety of common animals (fish, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals, including pets)

Year 1 - Identify, name, draw and label the basic parts of the human body and say which part of the body is associated with each sense

Year 2 - Notice that animals, including humans, have offspring which grow into adults

Year 2 - Find out about and describe the basic needs of animals, including humans, for survival (water, food and air)

Year 2 - Describe the importance for humans of exercise, eating the right amounts of different types of food, and hygiene

Year 3 - Identify that animals, including humans, need the right types and amount of nutrition, and that they cannot make their own food; they get nutrition from what they eat

Year 3 - Identify that humans and some other animals have skeletons and muscles for support, protection and movement

Year 4 - Describe the simple functions of the basic parts of the digestive system in humans

Year 4 - Identify the different types of teeth in humans and their simple functions

Year 4 looked at a range of images of decayed teeth - you can see their reaction in the second photo! They didn't really enjoy this but it helped them realise why we must take care and look after our teeth. The children then made images of their own teeth discoloured, broken, bleeding and missing and talked about how this made them feel.

Year 4 conducted an experiment to see the importance of brushing your teeth properly. First they brushed their teeth. Next they chewed a plaque disclosing tablet and looked at the plaque left on their teeth. They compare their results with each other. Lastly, they brushed their teeth again focusing on the leftover plaque.

Year 4 - Construct and interpret a variety of food chains, identifying producers, predators and prey

Year 5 - Describe the changes as humans develop to old age

Year 6 - Identify and name the main parts of the human circulatory system, and describe the functions of the heart, blood vessels and blood

The children learnt what the different parts of the circulatory system are.

During this lesson, the children learnt about how blood flows around the body.

The children learnt about the journey of a blood cell. They were given ownership as to how to set it out.

The children learnt that people have different types of blood, what blood transfusions are and who Karl Landsteiner is.

Year 6 - Recognise the impact of diet, exercise, drugs and lifestyle on the way their bodies function

The children researched and learnt how a lifestyle of alcohol and smoking affects the body.

Year 6 - Describe the ways in which nutrients and water are transported within animals, including humans

Everyday Materials:

Year 1 - Distinguish between an object and the material from which it is made

Year 1 - Identify and name a variety of everyday materials, including wood, plastic, glass, metal, water, and rock

Year 1 - Describe the simple physical properties of a variety of everyday materials

Year 1 - Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of their simple physical properties

Year 2 - Identify and compare the suitability of a variety of everyday materials, including wood, metal, plastic, glass, brick, rock, paper and cardboard for particular uses

Year 2 - Find out how the shapes of solid objects made from some materials can be changed by squashing, bending, twisting and stretching

Seasonal Changes:

Year 1 - Observe changes across the four seasons

Year 1 - Observe and describe weather associated with the seasons and how day length varies

Living Things and their Habitats:

Year 2 - Explore and compare the differences between things that are living, dead, and things that have never been alive

Year 2 - Identify that most living things live in habitats to which they are suited and describe how different habitats provide for the basic needs of different kinds of animals and plants, and how they depend on each other

Year 2 - Identify and name a variety of plants and animals in their habitats, including microhabitats

Year 2 - Describe how animals obtain their food from plants and other animals, using the idea of a simple food chain, and identify and name different sources of food

Year 4 - Recognise that living things can be grouped in a variety of ways

Year 4 - Explore and use classification keys to help group, identify and name a variety of living things in their local and wider environment

Year 4 - Recognise that environments can change and that this can sometimes pose dangers to living things

Year 5 - Describe the differences in the life cycles of a mammal, an amphibian, an insect and a bird

Year 5 - Describe the life process of reproduction in some plants and animals

Year 6 - Describe how living things are classified into broad groups according to common observable characteristics and based on similarities and differences, including micro-organisms, plants and animals

Year 6 - Give reasons for classifying plants and animals based on specific characteristics

Rocks:

Year 3 - Compare and group together different kinds of rocks on the basis of their appearance and simple physical properties

Year 3 - Describe in simple terms how fossils are formed when things that have lived are trapped within rock

Year 3 - Recognise that soils are made from rocks and organic matter

Light:

Year 3 - Recognise that they need light in order to see things and that dark is the absence of light

Year 3 - Notice that light is reflected from surfaces

Year 3 - Recognise that light from the sun can be dangerous and that there are ways to protect their eyes

Year 3 - Recognise that shadows are formed when the light from a light source is blocked by a solid object

Year 3 - Find patterns in the way that the size of shadows change

Year 6 - Recognise that light appears to travel in straight lines

Year 6 - Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain that objects are seen because they give out or reflect light into the eye

Year 6 - Explain that we see things because light travels from light sources to our eyes or from light sources to objects and then to our eyes

Year 6 - Use the idea that light travels in straight lines to explain why shadows have the same shape as the objects that cast them

Forces and Magnets:

Year 3 - Compare how things move on different surfaces

Year 3 - Notice that some forces need contact between two objects, but magnetic forces can act at a distance

Year 3 - Observe how magnets attract or repel each other and attract some materials and not others

Year 3 - Compare and group together a variety of everyday materials on the basis of whether they are attracted to a magnet, and identify some magnetic materials

Year 3 - Describe magnets as having two poles

Year 3 - Predict whether two magnets will attract or repel each other, depending on which poles are facing

States of Matter:

Year 4 - Compare and group materials together, according to whether they are solids, liquids or gases

Year 4 - Observe that some materials change state when they are heated or cooled, and measure or research the temperature at which this happens in degrees Celsius (°C)

Year 4 - Identify the part played by evaporation and condensation in the water cycle and associate the rate of evaporation with temperature

Sound:

Year 4 - Identify how sounds are made, associating some of them with something vibrating

Year 4 - Recognise that vibrations from sounds travel through a medium to the ear

Year 4 - Find patterns between the pitch of a sound and features of the object that produced it

Year 4 - Find patterns between the volume of a sound and the strength of the vibrations that produced it

Year 4 - Recognise that sounds get fainter as the distance from the sound source increases

Electricity:

Year 4 - Identify common appliances that run on electricity

Year 4 - Construct a simple series electrical circuit, identifying and naming its basic parts, including cells, wires, bulbs, switches and buzzers

Year 4 - Identify whether or not a lamp will light in a simple series circuit, based on whether or not the lamp is part of a complete loop with a battery

Year 4 - Recognise that a switch opens and closes a circuit and associate this with whether or not a lamp lights in a simple series circuit

Year 4 - Recognise some common conductors and insulators, and associate metals with being good conductors

Year 6 - Associate the brightness of a lamp or the volume of a buzzer with the number and voltage of cells used in the circuit

Year 6 - Compare and give reasons for variations in how components function, including the brightness of bulbs, the loudness of buzzers and the on/off position of switches

Year 6 - Use recognised symbols when representing a simple circuit in a diagram

Properties and Changes of Materials:

Year 5 - Compare and group together everyday materials on the basis of their properties, including their hardness, solubility, transparency, conductivity (electrical and thermal), and response to magnets

Year 5 - Know that some materials will dissolve in liquid to form a solution, and describe how to recover a substance from a solution

Year 5 - Use knowledge of solids, liquids and gases to decide how mixtures might be separated, including through filtering, sieving and evaporating

Year 5 - Give reasons, based on evidence from comparative and fair tests, for the particular uses of everyday materials, including metals, wood and plastic

Year 5 - Demonstrate that dissolving, mixing and changes of state are reversible changes

Year 5 - Explain that some changes result in the formation of new materials, and that this kind of change is not usually reversible, including changes associated with burning and the action of acid on bicarbonate of soda

Earth and Space:

Year 5 - Describe the movement of the Earth, and other planets, relative to the Sun in the solar system

Year 5 - Describe the movement of the Moon relative to the Earth

Year 5 - Describe the Sun, Earth and Moon as approximately spherical bodies

Year 5 - Use the idea of the Earth’s rotation to explain day and night and the apparent movement of the sun across the sky

Forces:

Year 5 - Explain that unsupported objects fall towards the Earth because of the force of gravity acting between the Earth and the falling object

Year 5 - Identify the effects of air resistance, water resistance and friction, that act between moving surfaces

Year 5 - Recognise that some mechanisms, including levers, pulleys and gears, allow a smaller force to have a greater effect

Evolution and Inheritance:

Year 6 - Recognise that living things have changed over time and that fossils provide information about living things that inhabited the Earth millions of years ago

Year 6 - Recognise that living things produce offspring of the same kind, but normally offspring vary and are not identical to their parents

Year 6 - Identify how animals and plants are adapted to suit their environment in different ways and that adaptation may lead to evolution