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Church Lane, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, DN5 7EZ


Barnburgh Primary School

Learning to shine together



Phonics resources.

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Phonics Workshop 15.01.2020- Parents were given the opportunity to find out more information regarding Phonics. They were shown how Phonics is taught and the Year One children showed the parents how we join in with a Phonics lesson. After this, the there was an opportunity to play Phonics games and ask any Phonics related questions. Thank you to all who attended.

Phonics Vocabulary

Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.

Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.

GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.

Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).

Blending – This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word.

Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes (sound talk/sounding out) that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order.

Green words - These are words which we can sound out (segment) and blend using phonics knowledge. E.g. c-a-t = cat.

Red words - These are words which are tricky to read because we cannot sound them out in the normal way. E.g. what. We learn these words by sight recognition only. 

Alien words – These are ‘made up’ words which test children’s knowledge of known phonemes.