Phonics Lead: Miss Taylor (Year Two Teacher)
This page will give you information regarding Phonics. It will give you ideas and guidance to support Phonics learning at home. We have resources on this page which you can download. If you go to the bottom we have different Phonics games you could play at home.
Phoneme – The smallest unit of sound. There are approximately 44 phonemes in English (it depends on different accents). Phonemes can be put together to make words.
Grapheme – A way of writing down a phoneme. Graphemes can be made up from 1 letter e.g. p, 2 letters e.g. sh, 3 letters e.g. tch or 4 letters e.g ough.
GPC – This is short for Grapheme Phoneme Correspondence. Knowing a GPC means being able to match a phoneme to a grapheme and vice versa.
Digraph – A grapheme containing two letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Trigraph – A grapheme containing three letters that makes just one sound (phoneme).
Blending – This involves looking at a written word, looking at each grapheme and using knowledge of GPCs to work out which phoneme each grapheme represents and then merging these phonemes together to make a word.
Segmenting – This involves hearing a word, splitting it up into the phonemes (sound talk/sounding out) that make it, using knowledge of GPCs to work out which graphemes represent those phonemes and then writing those graphemes down in the right order.
Green words - These are words which we can sound out (segment) and blend using phonics knowledge. E.g. c-a-t = cat.
Red words - These are words which are tricky to read because we cannot sound them out in the normal way. E.g. what. We learn these words by sight recognition only.
Alien words – These are ‘made up’ words which test children’s knowledge of known phonemes.
We love to learn our ‘red words’ through songs in Year One!
We have been orally segmenting and blending words to hear the sounds and then linking the sounds to letters we have learnt in Phonics. The children enjoyed writing labels for the outside area.
The children used their phonics knowledge to segment and blend words to read the captions to match them to the pictures!
We have been playing eye spy to encourage the children to hear initial sounds! They had lots of fun!
Phonics Workshop - Parents were given the opportunity to find out more information regarding Phonics. They were shown how Phonics is taught and the Year One children showed the parents how we join in with a Phonics lesson. After this, the there was an opportunity to play Phonics games and ask any Phonics related questions. Thank you to all who attended.
Phonics Activities at home!
Catalogue 'I spy'
All you need to do is look through the catalogue and write some decodable words, suitable for the phase your child is working at, onto post it notes. Your child reads the note, searches through the pages and sticks it next to the corresponding picture. To narrow it down you could put a page number on the post it too if they are struggling to go through the whole catalogue.
Adapt the words and pictures to find according to phase. The yellow post it notes in the pictures would be suitable for a child working in Phase 4. For children working in Phase 1, you could write some simple words onto the pink post its and then sound out the word and then your child could find the matching picture. You could also write initial sounds and they search and find a corresponding picture that starts with that sound.
Miss Machin's Phonics Challenges!
It would be great to see what you can complete at home!
Please go to the green link to direct you to the resources and pictures to support this activity.
Read and Seek
This challenge consists of reading a word and seeking an object. The words you will be reading are describing words (adjectives).
For this activity you will need to write adjectives on a piece of paper with the sound buttons or you could print out the document. Your child will need to read the words and go and find an object with properties that match that description. Below is an example of the challenge.
Extra Challenge: Can you write a sentence for each of the words describing the object you have found. E.g The stone is grey and hard. I found a leaf on the floor and it was green.
Connect 4 Phonics
This challenge is a phonics twist on a classic game and one for all weathers! I have created the connect 4 board for you to print off or copy yourself. I also made different versions for you to play, with sounds, red words and blends.
This activity requires a partner to play with. Each of you should choose a colour (use counters or crayons) and take turns reading a word/sound aloud. If you read it correctly, cover or colour the circle. Whoever gets 4 in a row first, wins! (Remember to watch out for those pesky diagonal 4's!)
Extra Challenge: Can you use the blank board to create your own version of the game? For example you could choose the 'oo' sound and write words for both 'poo at the zoo' and 'look at a book'.
For this challenge can you create your own phonics potion? (It can be either imaginary or real!) I would like you to read the list of ingredients I have written and choose some items from it to make your own mixture. (You can also add any of your own ideas too) Don't forget to add glitter for that touch of sparkle to your potion! Can you also think of a name/label for your mixture?
Extra challenge: Can you use the instruction words on the list to write your own potion recipe for your friends to make? For example- Add five rose petals into the water.
Alien word biscuits
For this challenge we are working on our alien nonsense words and decorating biscuits with them! First can you read the alien words I have chosen? One page is full of those pesky split diagraphs! Pick your favourite alien name. Then choose either a biscuit or bun to decorate (I used digestive biscuits) Can you create a delicious iced alien? Can you also write their alien name on the biscuit? (I used icing pens to do this) grown ups may need to help with the writing, its a bit tricky! Finally before you eat your alien biscuit don't forget to say "what a silly word!"
Extra challenge: Can you create and write your own alien nonsense words? You could also draw a picture of your alien to go with their name.
Royal phonics crown
We are going royally posh for this challenge! We are creating a crown fit for a prince or princess by sorting the real jewels from the fake ones. First you need to make a paper crown and then write the words onto small pieces of diamond shaped paper. I have created word lists from past screening checks for you to use. Then put all the words into a special box to keep the 'jewels' safe. Next you have to sort out the real jewels (real words) from the fake jewels (alien words), you can use tweezers for this, like a real jeweller does. Once you have sorted out the real jewels, colour them in and stick them onto the crown to make it fancy! Once you have finished sorting the jewels you can continue to decorate the crown however you like, go mad with the sparkles!
Extra challenge: Can you create a different crown, this time sorting our sounds? You can colour and stick on the ones you know already, then practice learning the ones you have left. Soon you will have a crown filled with sound jewels!
Walk the plank!
First you will need to make a plank using some cardboard and on it draw some lines to create about 10 spaces to move along. The plank needs to overhang some kind of water, I did mine over my pond, but you could use a sink, paddling pool, bath etc. You will also need a small toy character to move along the plank. Next to play the game, cut out the coins I have provided, shuffle them up and each player picks a coin. Segment and blend the word on the coin, if it is a real word you move back one space on the plank (or stay at the start if you are there). If it is a rubbish word (alien word) you move forward one space towards the end of the plank! Who will fall off the plank first? You can put the coins onto the rubbish or treasure cards when you have read them. Have fun and play as many times as you want!
Extra challenge: Can you make your own treasure chest using the paper model? Challenge your family to walk the plank too!
For this challenge we are giving a favourite movie snack a phonics twist! We are making paper popcorn snacks to read. I have given you our high frequency words written onto popcorn or you could just write them yourself onto pieces of paper. Cut them out and scrunch them up to make paper popcorn pieces. Next you need a box to put them in, you can make the popcorn box using the template I have given you or use a snack box you already have. Once all the words have been scrunched up and put into the box, give them a good mix up. Your job now is to 'eat' the popcorn! Pick out a piece, open it up and read the word. If you get it right you have 'eaten' the popcorn and can throw it away, but if you are not sure what the word is put it back in the box to try and read again later! Keep going until you have 'eaten' all of the popcorn and your snack box is empty. This task doesn't have to be done all at once, you could 'eat' a little bit everyday, remember paper popcorn doesn't go off! I have also given you some of our sounds so you can practice recognising them this way too. Dig in and enjoy!
Extra challenge: Can you sort the pictures into the correct popcorn box? I have given you three extra popcorn games to play. You have to sort the pictures using the beginning or ending sounds of the words. Can you write the word to match?
For this challenge you are going on a mini shopping spree! This is a quick fun game and to play you will only need a shopping list, a shopping bag or basket and a timer. Yourself or a grown up needs to write some words on a shopping list, of things that can be found around the house or wherever you happen to be. Once you have your list ready set the timer for 5 minutes then you have to go and find all the objects on your list, putting them into the shopping bag. Can you beat the clock before the time runs out? I have given you some lists of words to use as inspiration for your shopping lists, you can adapt it for different games to play. You could also change the time limit if you need to. Have fun going on your shopping sprees year one!
Extra challenge: Can you write a receipt for all of the items on your list?