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Church Lane, Doncaster, South Yorkshire, DN5 7EZ


Barnburgh Primary School

Learning to shine together


Geography Portfolio

Please see our evidence for each Geography National Curriculum Programme of Study below. 

Locational Knowledge:

KS1 - Name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans

Year One: The children located the world's seven continents on the map. We spoke about extinct and endangered animals and which contintent they lived in. The children were able to verablly talk about what the continents were called and could talk about the animals.

KS1 - Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the UK and its surrounding seas

Year One: The children were encouraged to look at the Atlas to identify what parts make up the United Kingdom and where they are on the map. We then identified the capital cities and what you may find in these areas. By the end of the the lesson the children were able to say what four countries made the UK.

KS2 - Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including the location of Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on their environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries, and major cities

KS2 - Name and locate counties and cities of the United Kingdom, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features (including hills, mountains, coasts and rivers), and land-use patterns; and understand how some of these aspects have changed over time

Year 3 used the index, page number and grid references to find human features on a map. They found locations of where some of Banksy's art work is. 

KS2 - Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, Equator, Northern Hemisphere, Southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the Prime/Greenwich Meridian and time zones (including day and night)

Place Knowledge:

KS1 - Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the UK, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country

Year One

KS2 - Understand geographical similarities and differences through the study of human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European country, and a region within North or South America

Human and Physical Geography:

KS1 - Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the UK and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles

Year One: We looked at the British weather and the various types of weather we have witnessed across the seasons. We spoke about what weather we would see during each season and what clothes we might wear for the spring, summer, autumn and winters. The children were able to discuss the seasons  and could differentiate between their features. We created a seasonal picture linking to what trees look like during each season. 

KS1 - Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather

Year 2 

LQ: What is Saltwick Nab? What are its dangers? 

The children found out what Saltwick Nab was, we used a laptop to research it and explored Google Earth to find out where it was. The children then listened to the tale of the SS Rohilla and were encouraged to explain what had happened and how. By the end of the session the children were able to discuss where and what Saltwick Nab is and what happened to the SS Rohilla. They also built up more knowledge about google earth. 

KS1 - Use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop

Year One: What is a city? The children recapped on the information they had previously learnt about physical and human features. We then looked at what a city was. We spoke about different cities we might have visited and what we might find there. We compared a city to the local village and spoke about the he similarities and differences. By the end of the lesson the children were able to use vobculary linked to a city.

”A city has lots of shops” (Oliver)

” There are a lot of offices in the city, because cities never sleep.” (Olly) 

“A city has lots of different houses like flats and big houses”. (Eloise)

KS2 - Describe and understand key aspects of physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetation belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle

Year 5 used a fantasy map of Alchemy Island to identify the physical and human features.

KS2 - Describe and understand key aspects of human geography, including: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links, and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water

Geographical Skills and Fieldwork:

KS1 - Use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the UK and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage

KS1 - Use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West) and locational and directional language (e.g. near and far; left and right), to describe the location of features and routes on a map

Year 2

LQ: How do you get rescued on the coast?

The children were encouraged to discuss what they thought a compass was. Many children could identify 'North, East, South and West'. The children were able to identify different places on the map by applying their compass knowledge. We also used the laptops to look on the RNLI site to look at different lifeboat ports around the country.  By the end of the session, the children were able to discuss the RNLI and their uses as well as the different types of lifeboat stations and where they are located on the map using their compass skills.


"The lifeboat stations are at the end of the map because that is where the coastline is. All weather lifeboats are safe to use in all weather and in shore lifeboat stations are used in more shallow water to save people closer to the beach".- Logan

KS1 - Use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features; devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key

The children studied an aerial map of Whitby and had to identify the features from the map using the key.

KS1 - Use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment

KS2 - Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied

Year 3 used the index, page number and grid references to find human features on a map. They found locations of where some of Banksy's art work is. 

KS2 - Use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references, symbols and key (including the use of Ordnance Survey maps) to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world

Year 5 have used coordinates in 2 different lessons, following 2 different sets of coordinates. The first lesson resulted in them ending up at Dragon Vine Towers, the second took them to the place where Gold could be found on the island. They learnt how to use 6 figure grid references and also used symbols and the corresponding key to identify what things they would pass.

KS2 - Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies